TitleBodyTechnical Expertise RequiredCostAdditional Information
BibDesk

BibDesk allows the user to edit and manage bibliographies. It helps keep track of both the bibliographic information and the associated files or web links.

BibDesk helps simplify using a bibliography in other applications and is suited for LaTeX users.

No programmingFree
CiteBank

CiteBank is an open access repository to aggregate citations for biodiversity publications and deliver access to biodiversity related articles. It provides search and browse capabilities to biodiversity publications stored in multiple international repositories. There is a storage platform for articles and documents that are digitized, but not yet online. It also provides a common system for scholars to share their specialist bibliographies. Users can upload, edit, and share their own personal lists of references and citations. CiteBank indexes the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL).

No programmingFree
CiteULike

CiteULike is a free online web-based bibliography manager. It allows you to post, view, and organize scientific papers. Several journal services have one-click linking to CiteULike for saving references. This application also allows you to post links on a variety of social networking sites. Users can also search this site for publications that others have pulled into the site, and share reference lists publicly.

Groups can be established within this site to share publications of interest.

No programmingFree
EndNote

EndNote is software for managing bibliographic citations. It integrates with Web of Science to allow for quick entry of citations. EndNote Web is also available to licensed users, which allows them to use EndNote when they are away from their own computer. Citations can be output in a large number of citation styles. Plugins exist for word processors and web browsers to enable quick citation.

No programmingCost-basis
Mendeley

Mendeley is an bibliographic management tool. An optional local client, Mendeley Desktop, synchronizes with a standard Web-accessible interface. Users can enter new references, generate references from hard drive directories, or find references that others have already entered. References can be tagged as required. The emphasis is on social collaboration and sharing. Users can associate with each other and groups can be formed to developed shared collections. Browser plug-in allows capture of reference information from just about any web page, and Mendeley has an API and plug-ins for word processors such as Open Office. PDFs can be uploaded from your local system, and citations can be generated and lists exported. Many online journals have one-click function to add a reference to your Mendeley library. There are limits on how many groups can be managed in the free-version.

No programmingFree
RefWorks

Refworks is an easy-to-use web-based product that allows you to import references. RefWorks is a subscription-based service available in many Higher Ed institutions. For subscribers, you can import references from your institutions' online library catalog and many electronic databases to which the institution subscribes. It is designed to help researchers easily gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as well as generate citations and bibliographies.

More specifically, RefWorks enables you to...

  • Download citations from databases and put them into a personal RefWorks research database
  • Format bibliographies and citations automatically in over 400 styles including APA, MLA, etc.
  • Create a bibliography of citations in a Word document using a RefWorks "as-you-write-it" add-in.
  • Access your RefWorks account from any computer, anywhere
  • Create a database and share it with colleagues around the world
  • No programmingCost-basis
    Zotero

    Zotero is an open source reference management software which manages bibliographic data and related research materials (such as PDFs). On many websites such as library catalogs, PubMed, Google Scholar, Google Books, Amazon.com, Wikipedia, and publisher's websites, Zotero shows an icon when a book, article, or other resource is being viewed. By clicking this icon, the full reference information can be saved to the Zotero library. Zotero can also save a copy of the webpage, or, in the case of scientific articles, a copy of the full text PDF. Users can then add notes, tags, attachments, and their own metadata. Selections of the local reference library data can later be exported as formatted bibliographies. Furthermore, all entries including bibliographic information and user-created rich-text memos of the selected articles can be summarized into an HTML report. Other notable features: web browser integration, online syncing, generation of in-text citations, footnotes and bibliographies, as well as integration with the word processors Microsoft Word, LibreOffice and OpenOffice.org Writer.

    No programmingFree