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OriginPro

OriginPro is an expanded version of Origin, both of which are software for data management, statistics, and graphics. OriginPro is point-and-click interactive software and uses multiple windows to manage data and run analyses. A variety of graphics can be created using a graph editor and exported for incorporation with the Microsoft Office suite. Data management is done through worksheets bundled into project management files. There are a limited number of statistical analyses available including basic descriptive statistics, linear regression and analysis of variance, survival analysis and non-parametric tests. Signal processing tools such as Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), and peak analysis tools are also available in OriginPro. Analyses can be scripted using the custom programming languages (LabTalk and Origin C).

OriginPro is sold at a discount to students for personal use.

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Tags: graphics,statistics,visualization Contributor: EL, ST Cost: Cost-basis
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Oriana

Oriana is a tool for calculating statistics for circular or radial data (angles or directions measured in degrees, time of day, day of week, month of year, etc.). It can be used for orientation data (direction taken from a point), for describing and comparing species temporal distributions and ranges, and other types of data that are not directly handled in most statistics packages. It provides basic statistics such as mean vector and confidence limits, single sample distribution tests (Rayleigh's), and also pairwise and multisample tests such as Watson-Williams F-Test and chi-squared test, and correlations. Oriana can graph your circular data in a variety of ways, including rose diagrams, circular histograms or wind roses.

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Tags: analyze,statistics,visualization Contributor: ST, TB Cost: Cost-basis
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Oracle

The Oracle Database is a proprietary relational database management system (RDBMS). There are various editions available depending on technical requirements. All editions are built using the same common code base which can scale from small, single-processor servers to clusters of multi-processor servers without changing the code. Oracle runs on various operating systems including: Apple Mac OS X Server, HP UNIX, HP OpenVMS, IBM AIX, IBM z/OS, Linux, Microsoft Windows and Sun Solaris.

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Tags: data storage,database Contributor: Cost: Cost-basis
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OpenOffice Base

OpenOffice Base is an open source desktop relational database application that is part of the OpenOffice suite of productivity tools offered free on the web by Oracle Corporation. OpenOffice Base is SQL compliant and provides a core database platform, a query tools set, report building module, and forms editor. Each major component in OpenOffice Base provides both novice and expert modes (for example, new users can build a database table using a wizard, and advanced users can jump directly to an advanced table editor). OpenOffice Base also includes macro building tools, and the ability to connect to external database servers (including Access, mySQL, PostgresSQL, and other ODBC sources). Base does not allow for multi-user access or database sharing capabilities.

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"Base" is part of the free OpenOffice suite of applications. More information on OpenOffice suite can be found at: http://www.openoffice.org/

Tags: data entry,database Contributor: KC, HH Cost: Free
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OpenMI

OpenMI provides users with a standard interface that allows the construction of modeling workflows. OpenMI allows models to exchange data with each other and other modeling tools as they run, facilitating the modeling of process interactions. Models may come from many different sources, represent processes from different scientific domains, have different spatial and temporal resolutions, and have different spatial domains/representations. The OpenMI standard is defined by a set of software interfaces that a compliant model must implement. These interfaces enable models to communicate with each other, with the possibility of two-way links between models where the involved models mutually depend on calculation results from each other. The OpenMI interfaces are available in both C# and Java. Models may run asynchronously with respect to timesteps.

As the OpenMI standard is a software component interface definition for the computational core (the engine) of the computational models, model components that comply with the OpenMI standards can, without any programming, be configured to exchange data during computation. Once developed, OpenMI models can be reused in many different applications and configurations. Most existing applications of OpenMI, and subsequently most of the available OpenMI compliant models, have been developed within the water resources domain.

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Tags: computing,models,programming,workflow Contributor: FF, RD Cost: Free
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OpenLayers

OpenLayers is an open-source JavaScript library that provides an application programmers Interface (API) for incorporating maps and geospatial data within web pages. OpenLayers has no server-side dependencies and works with most modern web browsers. It offers basic panning and zooming functionality for data exploration and discovery in a "slippy-map" format similar to Google Maps. It can serve up geospatial data from many sources including web map services (WMS), web feature services (WFS), Google Maps, and other proprietary and open-source map servers such as GeoServer and MapServer.

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Tags: data integration,geospatial,GIS,visualization,web services Contributor: TB, JH Cost: Free
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OpenBUGS

OpenBUGS is software for running Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulations following Bayesian statistical theory. It is one of two software packages created for Bayesian Inference Using Gibbs Sampling, or BUGS. OpenBUGS is so named because it runs on multiple operating systems; the WinBUGS software can be used with Windows operating systems (see WinBUGS tool in the DataONEpedia for details).

Bayesian inference is built on specified probabilities of models and evaluated using MCMC simulation including error components. OpenBUGS implements these simulations and "samples" them according to user-defined criteria. OpenBUGS can be used as a stand-alone application but can also be integrated with R statistical software.

OpenBUGS requires thorough knowledge of Bayesian statistics to create and evaluate models appropriately.

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Tags: analyze,models,statistics Contributor: EL, RO Cost: Free
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OpenBIS

OpenBIS is an open, distributed system for managing biological information. The main goal is to support biological research data workflows from the source (i.e. the measurement instruments) to facilitate the process of answering biological questions by means of cross-domain queries against raw data, processed data, knowledge resources and its corresponding metadata.

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Tags: Contributor: Cost: Free
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Open Science Framework

The OSF supports the entire research lifecycle: planning, execution, reporting, archiving, and discovery. It provides project management with collaborators, and project sharing with the public. The OSF is maintained by the non-profit Center for Open Science.

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Provided by the non-profit Center for Open Science (http://cos.io)

Tags: citation,collaboration,data management plan,repository,version control,workflow Contributor: Andrew Sallans (Andrew@cos.io) Cost: Free
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Octave

GNU Octave is a high-level language, primarily intended for numerical computations. It provides a command line interface for solving linear and nonlinear problems numerically, and for performing other numerical experiments using a language that is mostly compatible with MATLAB. It may also be used as a batch-oriented language.

Octave has extensive tools for solving common numerical linear algebra problems, finding the roots of nonlinear equations, integrating ordinary functions, manipulating polynomials, and integrating ordinary differential and differential-algebraic equations. It is easily extensible and customizable via user-defined functions written in Octave's own language, or using dynamically loaded modules written in C++, C, Fortran, or other languages.

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Tags: analyze,graphics,mathematics Contributor: Cost: Free
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