3D World Studio is a modeling program useful for visualizing real world data utilizing tools developed within computer gaming environments. The program allows you to create buildings and terrain and export your visualization into a variety of formats.
ArcCatalog is a geobase administration application within ESRI's ArcGIS suite whose primary role is to maintain geospatial data and the corresponding metadata. ArcCatalog provides an integrated and unified view of all the data files, databases, and ArcGIS documents, integrating information that exists in many forms, including relational databases, files, ArcGIS documents, and remote GIS web services. In ArcGIS 10, ArcCatalog is folded into ArcMap - the mapping and analysis application.
ArcGIS Desktop is a collection of software products for building complete geographic information systems (GIS). produced by Esri. ArcGIS Desktop 9 provides an integrated GIS, combining object-oriented and traditional file-based data models with a set of tools to create and work with geographic data. The following three applications comprise the ArcGIS Desktop software suite:
CatMDEdit is a metadata editor tool that facilitates the documentation of resources, focusing on the description of geographic information resources. The metadata conforms to Dublin Core and ISO 19115 (Geographic Information) standards. Automatic metadata generation for some common geospatial data file formats including Shapefile, DGN, ECW, FICC, GeoTiff, GIF/GFW, JPG/JGW, and PNG/PGW.
ENVI is software for processing and analyzing geospatial imagery. ENVI handles hyperspectral, LiDAR, and other remotely sensed data sets easily with both wizard based approaches and allowing users to program operations. The main benefit of using ENVI is for the analysis and visualization of spectral and hyperpsectral data. Currently, ENVI is developing comprehensive GIS tools to integrate within the ESRI software family.
Erdas Imagine is an image processing software package that allows users to process both geospatial and other imagery as well as vector data. Erdas can also handle hyperspectral imagery and LiDAR from various sensors. Erdas also offers a 3D viewing module (VirtualGIS) and a vector module for modeling. The native programming language is EML (Erdas Macro Language).
ArcGIS Explorer is a geographical information system (GIS) viewer to explore, visualize, and share GIS information. It provides a freely-distributable way to share products produced by ESRI's commercial products.
There are two versions: one for the desktop, the other on-line. The on-line version includes support for time-enabled maps.
ESRI's ArcGIS Desktop software contains ModelBuilder, which is a work flow tool that enables the creation and execution of consistent, repeatable models that are comprised of one or more processing steps. ModelBuilder can be used to ensure the integrity of a particular model or set of analytical processes through modeling, storing, and publishing complex operations and workflows. ModelBuilder workflows can be created and executed on both the desktop and over the web.
ArcGIS Online is a system created by ESRI aimed at providing a common platform to find, share, and organize geographic content and to build GIS applications. The web front end to ArcGIS Online is ArcGIS.com. Through ArcGIS Online you can access maps, applications, and tools published by ESRI and other geographic information systems (GIS) users.
ArcGIS Server is a component of the ESRI suite of commercial software focused on the ability to create, manage, and distribute GIS services over the Web to support desktop, mobile and Web mapping applications.
The user can choose from Basic, Standard, or Advanced editions of ArcGIS Server. Costs vary depending on the level of service required.
ArcMap is the map display and editing workhorse for the ESRI ArcGIS Geographical Information System (GIS) software package. It is most widely used for map creation, but also has broad capabilities for editing and analysis. The "Toolbox" available in ArcMap provides an encyclopedic array of GIS data manipulation and analysis functions for almost any application.
Esri2EML and BDP2EML are very closely related programs for translating metadata from ESRI or FGDC and from Biological Data Profile (BDP) to Ecological Metadata Language (EML), version 2.0.1. Generally, these kinds of programs are called "crosswalks".
FRAGSTATS is a computer software program designed to work with geospatial data to help the user categorize landscape patterns and metrics, and is useful in identifying areas where land use activities have resulted in fragmentation of the landscape. The current release is version 3.3
The program is currently undergoing another major revamping, which will result in the release of version 4.0 sometime in 2011.
GeoNetwork OpenSource is an open source geospatial data catalog service host, metadata creation and management system, and basic web mapping platform that is in broad use by a number of international organizations in deploying their Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI).
GeoServer is a Java-based Open Source software map server that enables the sharing and editing of geospatial data on the Internet via open standards. It implements the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web Mapping Service (WMS), Web Feature Service (WFS), and Web Coverage Service (WCS) standards.
Google Earth is a flexible mapping and display tool that is installed on a local computer, and accesses on-line data sources provided by Google. These data sources include aerial imagery at a variety of scales and additional data hosted by Google. The user needs to have internet access to view the data provided by Google. Once Google Earth is installed it allows the user to "zoom in" and view satellite and photographic images on any place in the world.
Google Maps is web-based application that provides for web-enabled map creation. Google Maps includes a suite of supporting products including:
GRASS (Geographic Resources Analysis Support System) is an Open Source Geographic Information System (GIS) that support 2d and 3d raster (gridded) and vector (point/line/polygon) data processing, analysis, and modeling capabilities.
MapServer is an open source tool for publishing spatial data and interactive mapping applications to the web. It allows users to create “geographic image maps”, that is, maps that can direct users to content. MapServer uses Web Feature Services (WFS) that will serve out features and attributes to users and WMS (Web Mapping Service), that serves an 'image' of what the symbolized layers (gis datasets) look like on the server based on the extent requested.
MapWindow GIS is a free desktop geographic information system (GIS) application with an extensible plug-in architecture. It also includes a GIS ActiveX control and a fully C# GIS application programmer’s interface (API) called DotSpatial that can be used by software developers.
MDNR (Minnesota Department of Natural Resources) Garmin GPS is an ArcView extension built to provide Garmin handheld GPS receiver users with the ability to directly transfer data between GPS receivers and various GIS software packages. A user can use point features (graphics or shapefile) and upload them to the GPS as waypoints. Line and Polygon Graphics or shapes can be uploaded to the GPS as Track Logs or Routes.
The NPS Metadata Tools & Editor is a custom software application developed for the National Park Service (NPS) for authoring and editing NPS metadata. It extends the basic functionality of ESRI's ArcCatalog for managing geospatial metadata and also provides a stand-alone version for creating and manipulating non-spatial metadata outside of ArcCatalog.
Ocean Data View (ODV) is desktop software for analysis and visualization of oceanographic, atmospheric and other geo-referenced profile or time-series data.
The combination of PostgreSQL and PostGIS provides a robust database platform that supports the integrated management of both geospatial data and attributes associated with those data in a database system that is supported by a large number of client applications, including GIS and mapping applications. PostgreSQL is an open source object-relational database server that implements the Structured Query Language (SQL) for database design, management, and use.
Quantum GIS (QGIS) is an open source Geographic Information System (GIS) that implements a large number of geospatial data access, visualization, processing, and analysis functions. It can access vector data stored in a wide variety of formats, including file-based (e.g. ESRI Shape Files, KML, GML), geodatabases (e.g.
SpatiaLite is an extension to the SQLite database that enables it to support spatial data.
SpatiaLite is conformant to OpenGIS specifications. It has the following features:
uDIG (User-friendly Desktop Internet GIS) is an Open Source GIS framework and application for desktop GIS data access, editing, and viewing. uDIG is based upon the Eclipse Rich Client (RCP) Java framework and is extensible through the addition of plugins developed using the RCP framework.